Necessity of Para Legal Volunteer in India

“This job has elevated my social status. I solved the problems of several people,” said S. Senthamarai, 52, a volunteer paralegal. It`s also a good source of income for people like me,” she added. R. Suseela, another volunteer at the Collectorate Legal Aid Clinic, said solving other people`s problems has given her satisfaction and confidence. If the POS receives information about the arrest of a person on the spot, it goes to the police station and ensures that the arrested person receives legal assistance, if necessary through the nearest legal aid structures. Volunteer paralegals may be reimbursed per diems and reasonable expenses incurred by volunteer paralegals such as travel, postage, telephone expenses, etc. may be reimbursed by the TLSC/DLSA/SLSA upon presentation of appropriate evidence.

Legal aid institutions at the state, district and taluk levels work in coordination with the National Committee for Paralegal Education and Legal Aid Activities established by the Chief Justice of India. All instructions given by the Honourable President of the National Committee for Paralegal Education and Legal Aid Activities are binding on all legal services in the country. district ADR centres. If no alternative dispute resolution centre has been established in the district, legal aid institutions take steps to organize an appropriate alternative dispute resolution mechanism such as lok adalat, mediation, arbitration, etc. in the village itself, in coordination with POS. POS that submit such cases to the ADR procedure are entitled to the prescribed fee on the day on which this procedure takes place. Paralegal volunteers provide information about SLSA/DLSA/TLSC/HCLSC/SCLSC legal services activities to people in their area and share their addresses with people so that they can use the free services provided by the above organizations to eligible individuals. This resource comes from the National Legal Services Authority of India and outlines the rules for pro bono paralegals, including the selection, training, certification, duties, locations, honoraria and organization of volunteer paralegals in India. POPs that bring legal aid applicants from remote villages to taluk/district level legal aid centers and district ADR centers are also entitled to a fee for that day at the same rate.

Suseela, a volunteer paralegal who receives petitions from the public at the legal aid clinic in the tax collector`s office Thursday. Photo: G. Moorthy The minimum qualification for a volunteer paralegal is standard X. Selected candidates are trained and receive ID cards at the end of the training. The experience gained to date in operating the system after 2009, as well as the realities identified by paralegals in the respective jurisdiction, have shown us that the whole issue needs to be re-examined and who could best fill the role of volunteer paralegal. Initially, the POS training program lasted only two to three days. Since LGV obligations are inherently extended, the duration of training for LGVs should be extended. At the same time, the POS training plan adopted by NALSA cannot be such that it trains POS to become full-fledged lawyers. POS are not expected to behave like lawyers.

The focus of the training should be on core human qualities such as compassion, empathy, and a sincere concern and willingness to prolong volunteering without expecting financial gain. Then, the dividing line between POS and professional lawyers should be kept eagerly. VLPs visit prisons, prisons, psychiatric hospitals, children`s homes/observation homes with appropriate permission from the DLSA/TLSC and determine prisoners` needs for legal services and inform the relevant authorities of the lack of basic necessities, with particular emphasis on hygiene. The government, with the help of volunteer paralegals, tries to ensure that the poor and defenceless can obtain justice and that the small differences of the people can only be resolved at the initial level through mutual talks and agreements. Reasonable expenses incurred by paralegal volunteers, e.g. bus/train costs, postage, telephone charges, etc., may be reimbursed by TLSC/DLSA/SLSA upon presentation of evidence. Travel expenses limited to the lowest grades by road, train or steamboat to legal aid recipients provided by volunteer paralegals may also be reimbursed at the discretion of the Chair. Recently, several significant attempts have been made by the judicial authorities to provide cheap, accessible and expeditious justice to ordinary citizens in India.

The appointment of volunteer paralegals to legal aid clinics in various fields on behalf of the Régie des services juridiques is one of them. POS are not only supposed to raise awareness of the laws and the legal system, but they must also be trained to self-advise and amicably resolve simple disputes between parties at the source. This could avoid those affected having to go to the legal services authority or alternative dispute resolution centres. If the dispute is of such a nature that it cannot be resolved at source with the help of the LCVs, they could refer these parties to the alternative dispute resolution centres, where they could be referred to the Lok Adalat or mediation centre with the assistance of the relevant secretary, or legal assistance could be provided for the decision before a court; depending on the nature of the problem. Paralegal volunteers assist DLSA/TLSC in organizing legal awareness camps in their area of operation. PLV must: 1) educate people, especially those who belong to weaker sections of society, 2) sensitize people to their fundamental human rights, fundamental rights and other legal rights and duties. 3) They will also participate in the organization of legal literacy camps. Job postings at Paralegal Volunteer are flagged from time to time by relevant departments through Employment News, government newspapers and job postings, etc. Jecintha Martin, secretary of DLSA, told The Hindu that nearly 10 volunteers have been exceptionally successful in resolving disputes over the past year. Paralegal volunteers provide legal assistance to HIV-positive people, victims of atrocities against women, etc.

Their job is not easy as they need to know laws such as the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and the Criminal Procedure Code (CRPC), which people often hear about but have no basic knowledge. Interaction helps volunteers gain confidence, contacts and, most importantly, a decent income, she added. The Paralegals` Office was established by the national legal service authorities with the aim of providing legal assistance and raising citizens` awareness of legal rights and obligations. District Legal Services Authorities appoint and hire volunteer paralegals in legal aid clinics under county jurisdiction. POS, in consultation with the nearest legal aid structures in the area where they operate, organize microlegal literacy camps by organizing legal literacy classes for small groups of people, including workers, women, children who are members of SC/ST, etc. It is the duty of POS to distribute information brochures and other publications of legal services authorities, although the NALSA POS training program originally included the legal fraternity of lawyers, the Bar Association, subsequent experience revealed that this was not feasible due to conflicts with the professional status of lawyers. The fact that marginalized people living in remote locations do not benefit from lawyers` POS has also contributed to the cessation of the practice and NALSA has decided that lawyers should not be recruited or hired as POS. The District Legal Services Authority (DLSA) assigned them the task of providing legal assistance to those injured. She is one of two sex workers appointed by DLSA to work as a paralegal volunteer at a free legal clinic in the city. “It`s great when people call us (volunteers) `Madam`.

We have never been treated with such respect. I am proud to be part of the Legal Services Authority. I thank my family for their support,” she said. The legal aid movement in the district, launched in 2012, has received a boost from paralegal volunteers, whose determination to help the poor is working. They also contribute to the smooth running of legal aid clinics accessible to those who need help preparing applications, submitting petitions, etc. In view of the illiteracy of much of the Community, the Western concept of “paralegals” cannot be fully transferred to Indian conditions: the hours of training that apply to a regular academic course cannot be covered. It should be more of a bridging course, designed in a simple, needs-based module. POS must be trained in the basics of various laws that are at the local level in terms of daily life, the subtle nuances applied in the work of a judicial system and the functioning of various other interest groups such as the police, officials of the Ministry of Social Affairs, the Department of Women and Child Welfare and other departments dealing with various useful systems of central and state governments. including the protection officers concerned. with laws on domestic violence and juvenile justice.